ABA (Applied Behaviour Analysis) and IBI (Intensive Behavioural Intervention)

WHAT IS APPLIED BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS?

Applied Behavioural Analysis helps autism, anxiety, learning and intellectual disorders, developmental delays, improves daily living skills, anger management

Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a treatment method that has been clinically proven to help individuals learn new skills. It is based on the principle that when a behaviour or skill is rewarded or reinforced, it is more likely to be repeated, and a behaviour or skill that is not reinforced, is less likely to occur.

In ABA programs, skills are broken down into their simplest components and taught in a step-by-step progression. ABA can be used to teach new skills, to decrease challenging and inappropriate behaviours and these outcomes can improve the quality of life of all those involved.


WHAT IS INTENSIVE BEHAVIOUR INTERVENTION (IBI)?

Intensive Behavioural Intervention (IBI) is a specific type of teaching for children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. IBI applies the principles of ABA in an intensive and highly structured setting, approximately 20-40 hours of therapy per week. A therapist works one-on-one with the child while working on a range of targeted skills. The goal of IBI is to increase learning and skill development by closely monitoring development and making adjustments to programs in order to promote significant change.


ABA AND IBI AT Integrate health services

Applied Behavioural Analysis helps autism, anxiety, learning and intellectual disorders, developmental delays, improves daily living skills, anger management

Integrate Health Services offers a unique approach to ABA and IBI Therapy, which allows us to address areas of development for children, adolescents, and adults. Our programs are uniquely designed to help individuals build on the skills necessary to allow them to live more independently and to reach their full potential. Our team provides centre-based comprehensive (15 or more hours per week), focused (around 10 hours per week) and consultative therapy (around 5 hours per week). We will work with families who are currently on the wait list to access services as well as families who choose the Direct Funding Option (DFO). Families can also choose to pay privately for services.


ABA PROVISION AT INTEGRATE HEALTH SERVICES

What to expect with in-clinic ABA and IBI:

  • Skills assessment
  • Development of Individualized Support Plan (ISP)
  • 1:1 therapy/group instruction
  • School consultation (fee will apply)
  • Parent training
  • Daily written communication with family
  • Access to a multidisciplinary team on site (Social Worker, Psychotherapist, Speech and Language Pathologist, Naturopathic Doctor, Psychologist)
  • Facilitation to our Behavioural Paediatrician (a referral letter from the individual’s family physician is still required)


WHY WOULD I ACCESS THIS SERVICE?

For teaching skills: 
Specific areas of development are addressed based on skill deficits and client or parental goals.

The following are the most common skill deficit areas and behavioural challenges best addressed by ABA:

  • Communication deficits (respond to questions and initiate a conversation)
  • Dysfunctional play
  • Deficient and inappropriate social behaviour
  • Limited imitation skills
  • Limited school readiness skills (ability to pay attention and follow group instructions in class)
  • Self-help skills


For addressing problem behaviours:
 
Behavioural Consultation services work with families to determine individual goals and to implement evidence-based strategies to aid with a variety of behavioural challenges. These challenges may include, but are not limited to: difficulties with noncompliance, aggression, property destruction, school avoidance, and transitions.


WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF ACCESSING ABA?

ABA, whether be delivered in its intense form (IBI) or to a lesser degree, will use evidence-based techniques to target specific skills and behaviours dependent on the individual’s needs and goals. The custom-designed interventions result in skill development that will positively impact an individual’s behaviours and enhance personal well-being. 

Common goals that are targeted in ABA programming may include the following:

  • Requesting for objects, identifying objects in their environment, or reading written words
  • Matching skills, identifying the colour, shape or function of objects, completing various puzzles or block designs
  • The ability to read common social cues, how to engage peers in conversation, or understanding the use of body language
  • Reading a book, writing their name, number sense and measurement
  • Pulling clothing down, sitting on the toilet, requesting to use the washroom and completing all steps when using the washroom
  • Programs that may be used can teach a child to imitate physical actions, language and/or social skills
  • Staying seated during instruction, attending to the instructor and maintaining eye contact
  • Transitions, following a classroom routine or group instruction, or increasing on-task behaviours
  • Motor skills can be taught through play or interaction with toys (ring stackers, shape sorters, play dough), holding a writing utensil, cutting, pasting
  • Dressing, bathing, brushing teeth, following morning and evening routines
  • Moving from one activity to the next, moving from one location to the next (home to school or home to an outing)

Click here to find out how ABA can assist individuals with different diagnoses. 

ADHD and ABA: 
http://childmind.org/article/behavioral-treatments-kids-adhd/ 
Acquired Brain Injury and ABA: 
http://www.behavior.org/resources/310.pdf 
http://www.aba-ireland.com/?page_id=1407 
Autism and ABA: 
https://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/treatment/applied-behavior-analysis-aba 
http://autismcanada.org/living-with-autism/treatments/non-medical/behavioural/aba/ 
Down Syndrome and ABA: 
https://www.down-syndrome.org/perspectives/316/ 
http://aba-works.com/about-diagnoses/down-syndrome-faqs/ 
Intellectual Disabilities and ABA: 
https://www.mentalhelp.net/articles/applied-behavioral-analysis-aba-and-intellectual-disabilities/ 
https://www.kennedykrieger.org/patient-care/patient-care-programs/inpatient-programs/neurobehavioral-unit-nbu/applied-behavior-analysis 
Gambling and ABA: 
http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/bar/13/3-4/2.html 
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3469300/ 

treatment for children, autism spectrum disorder, help with school, occupational therapy, ADHD therapy, behaviour management